/Characteristics of various desiccants on the market
Silica gel desiccant, mostly transparent particles, some contain a small amount of blue or pink particles. This is because cobalt chloride is added to silica gel, which is mainly used to indicate efficacy. Cobalt chloride appears blue when it is dry, and turns pink after absorbing water. Because of its bright color and transparent appearance, children are easy to eat by mistake, but silica gel desiccant is non-toxic. Usually it will be discharged with the stool, the specific time of discharge and the patient’s bowel habits are different, but if you feel uncomfortable, you should go to the hospital in time.
Quicklime desiccant is also calcium oxide desiccant, usually in the form of white powder, which is a more dangerous desiccant. Generally, the package will indicate that the lime desiccant is not edible. Parents should pay special attention not to let children touch it. When calcium oxide becomes calcium hydroxide when exposed to water, the release of heat will burn the mouth or esophagus. Calcium is alkaline and corrosive to the oral esophagus. If it is involved in the eyes, it can also cause damage to the conjunctiva and cornea. If you accidentally swallow lime desiccant, you should immediately rinse your mouth with plenty of water and drink milk or water or use vinegar for neutralization. However, when drinking liquid, be careful not to cause vomiting, and be careful not to induce vomiting or wash in a hurry. Stomach, avoid causing secondary damage.
The montmorillonite desiccant is usually pink and grayish or light red. The montmorillonite powder will become red and agglomerate after absorbing water. Since the montmorillonite itself is also a clinically used drug, it will not cause obvious harm to children by mistake. At this time, you can let the child drink more water to promote discharge.
Mineral desiccants are usually grayish-cyan or yellow round particles, and they look a bit like cat litter. Because they are not attractive in appearance, they are not easily eaten by children. This substance has adsorption effect and medicinal function for mucosal protection and treatment of diarrhea. The clinical effect is similar to that of montmorillonite. It has no obvious effect on the human body after accidental ingestion and no special treatment is required.
Imitating deoxidizer This is a kind of brown powder, the ingredient is ferric oxide, the taste is very poor, even if the child takes it by mistake, it will not be a lot, no special treatment is needed, but if it is taken by mistake, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain will occur. The symptoms of diarrhea should be gastric lavage promptly.